The Breakup 3.0 – Garrett

The breakup 2.0 did a great job of explaining how different elements of nonverbal communication are used when it comes to dating relationships. But since the book is now six years old, it’s no longer one hundred percent accurate in terms of how our generation uses social media. Many of the principles are still the same, but the ways of applying them are different.


Media ideologies

One element that we’ve seen change over the years is media ideologies. A person’s ideologies are “their beliefs about how a medium communicates and structures communication,” (Gershon).

“The difference often lies not in the actual message, but in people’s understandings of the media,” (Gershon). Generally, people believe that email is a medium that communicates in a professional manner compared to text messages that usually are seen as a way to communicate in a more personal and perhaps casual manner. I do, however, think that we are slowly beginning to see a shift in the structure of text messaging. We’re starting to see more professionals that are willing to “discuss business” via text messages. But even the fact that text messaging is beginning to be viewed differently shows how ideologies about media still affect our communication. There is nothing inherent about a text message or a direct message on Twitter that makes it less effective or less professional. “[…] people’s media ideologies ensure that the same sentences are interpreted and experienced differently when read on a computer screen or on a cell phone,” (Gershon).

With it comes to romantic interests, media ideologies have a major impact. Millennials share a certain understanding about mediums of communication. Take email for example. Nobody that I have talked to has ever tried to ask someone out on a date via email. They won’t even consider “talking” to someone via email. They would, however, consider talking to someone via Direct Messaging on Twitter. Again, there is no inherent difference between these two mediums. It could even be argued that email would be more secure and more efficient for talking and asking someone out. But it doesn’t happen simply because of the ideologies that we hold when it comes to these mediums.


Second-order information

Media ideologies are closely related to second-order information. “Second-order information refers to the information that can guide you into understanding how particular words and statements should be interpreted.” (18) The most obvious example of second-order information is the medium in which the communication occurs. This goes back to media ideologies. Since we hold certain beliefs about different mediums of communication, we will interpret a message differently depending on how it is received. It’s not so much the words that are being communicated, but rather the means by which the words are communicated.

Second-order information has great impact when it comes to approaching romantic relationships. The impact is such that is can actually define whether there is any romantic interest at all. Imagine that a guy receives an email from one of his classmates that says, “Hey, we have that big exam coming up. Would you be interested in meeting up to study? We could meet at my house or your house if you’d like.” Since it’s an email, this guy knows that his classmate is probably just focused on studying for the exam and would like some help. There’s not a note at the bottom of the email that says, “I’m not really interested in dating you. I just want to study together.” It’s the medium of the message that implicitly gives second-order information that communicates exactly that.

But what if he received that exact same message via Twitter DM? It would communicate different interests. He would probably interpret it much differently than he would an email. To a guy, a DM from a girl in his class who is asking to study together means that she is interesting in more than just studying. Plus, she’s inviting him to her house. This invitation is taken at face value in an email, but it means a lot more when it comes in the form of a DM.

Second-order information is not what is actually said but rather the background knowledge of a situation and expectations of communication that allows one to interpret words (Gershon, 123). Although the message does not explicitly say, “I am romantically interested in you,” the guy will believe that it’s very likely because of second-order information that accompanied her DM. According to Ilana Gershon, author of The Breakup 2.0, you cannot even send a message without it including second-order information—it automatically indicates how the sender would like the message received. Second-order information is a nonverbal that is unavoidable, so it’s a good idea to how to leverage it in order to communicate what you actually want to communicate.


Idioms of practice

There are certain messages that are expected to be delivered in specific ways. We know this to be true in the work place. If you were to receive any kind of formal message from your boss via Facebook Messenger you would be very surprised. Why is this? If Facebook has the capabilities to include all the features that you would use in a typical email, why would it be odd to receive a formal message through that medium? You can include a greeting, attachments, and nice closing, but people still don’t typically use it for business communications because it is an idiom of practice to use email for those kinds of messages—it’s been deemed the most appropriate means within that organization. Ilana Gershon explains in the book The Breakup 2.0 that “Idioms of practice point to how people have implicit and explicit intuitions about using different technologies that they have developed with their friends, family members, and coworkers,” (6).

Within the context of dating and relationships, it tends to vary a bit more depending on the group you’re associated with. “[…] people figure out together how to use different media and often agree on the appropriate social uses of technology by asking advice and sharing stories with each other,” (6). Since each social group has different stories and different advice, the idioms of practice will be different as well.

I’ve seen how idioms of practice play out when it comes to breaking up. I was sitting in a dorm room talking with a group of friends. This was one social group that I was a part of. Jalaber was explaining to us how her boyfriend had just broken up with her—over text! How rude of him! Everyone in the room was in agreement that it was very disrespectful of Tazon to break up with Jalaber via text message. The idiom of practice to this group was that the most respectful way to break up was in person. I don’t recall ever having conversation prior to that day about this subject. We had never even mentioned it. That’s because “Often implicit intuitions don’t become apparent until someone violates an expectation—perhaps by breaking up using the wrong medium,” (6).

It was interesting to see this from another point of view. Around the same time, I was also part of another social group. I was with this group at someone’s house when the subject came up. Daxten was telling us how his relationship with Indigo just wasn’t working out. He then proceeded to read to us the text message that he sent to Indigo. After reading it, everyone seemed okay with how he handled the situation. Nobody called him out for being rude. Most people agreed that it was courteous of him to do that. How was it possible that the response of this group was completely different from the other groups response? It all comes down to idioms of practice. The groups had differing stories and different advice for one another, and the implications of this nonverbal practice drastically changed the approach to breaking up.



Structure of the medium

The structure of the medium deals with the ways that a medium is able to shape communications. Communications is shaped through technological attributes, reliability of the medium, and the second-order information that comes with a message.

The technological attributes can affect the flow of a conversation. If you’re trying to have a rapid back-and-forth conversation, then email is probably not your best option. “[It] creates a sense of a monologue,” (Gershon, 54). When it comes to dating, text messaging is typically a good form

Twitter is a medium that is structured best for flirting. It’s great in the way that for a rapid-fire conversation when you want to go at that pace, but it also allows you to take your time without being rude. If you take a few hours to reply to a text message it might be considered rude. But with Twitter, since it’s acceptable to take a little while to reply. The structure of Twitter has another advantage when it comes to flirting. You can choose whether or not to have the notifications pop up on your phone. This way if you’re trying to keep your DMs on the DL, you’re able to do that. With text messaging, it’s much more difficult to hide since the text message alert with show up right on your home screen.

The two advantages mentioned above would be considered technological attributes. Simply because of the way the technology is structured it makes Twitter a great medium for flirting. But it also has some non-technological advantages. Twitter is can be leveraged when flirting by the way that it delivers second-order information. Direct Messaging on Twitter is known to our generation as a grounds for where flirting is expected to happen. This lies somewhere in the middle of media ideologies and idioms of practice. DMs are believed to be an acceptable place to message someone that you’ve never messaged before. And since it’s believed to be acceptable, people are more confident in their ability to communicate via second-order information.

Renly Zyron was a soccer player who was interested in a volleyball player by the name of Melrose Zyron. He swore that they weren’t related, but he wasn’t sure how to express his interest in her. He saw her at the Henderloins Dining Café every day, but it was much more difficult to express his interest to her in person. Twitter allowed him to open up an on-going conversation with implied second-order information that said, “I’m interested.” The context and expectations of the DM are so strong that he would have an advantage even if he used the exact same sentence that he did in the café, “Hey, what’s up?”



“People’s media ideologies and uses of one medium are always connected to people’s media ideologies and uses of other older or new media,” (Gershon, 92). Remediation plays a huge role in how people end relationships. A friend of mine chose to break up with her boyfriend via a hand-written letter. This stood out to everyone as a very strange way to break up. But it’s not because hand-written letters are strange in and of themselves, but rather all the modern alternatives to send the message. “Part of the reason remediation is so central to breakups is that there are currently so many options for transmitting the message ‘I want to break up,’” (Gershon, 94).




Punishment and Control – Garrett’s Blog Post

Nonverbal communication has major impacts on areas like punishment and control. These things can be found at work within our interpersonal communication, propaganda, and mediated communication. Punishment and control are two ways of dealing with behavior. Punishment focuses on the consequences of an action. Control, on the other hand, aims to affect the behavior without punishing it. We can see how nonverbal communication can be used to punish and control. Punishment is often viewed an forceful action that’s used to impose damage to the one being punished; however, punishment can take many different forms. Similarly, control is not always coercive. And it can be achieved through various ways of nonverbal communication.


Interpersonal Communication

Punishment can come in many forms. Most forms of punishment are active. That doesn’t mean that they are necessarily forceful or coercive, but they are usually active in some way. Interpersonal communication is unique, however, in the way that it allows you to speak by not speaking. Silence can be one of the most effective elements of interpersonal communication. “Silence serves as a type of nonverbal communication when we do not use words or uterances to convey meanings” (“Survey of Communication”). The silent treatment is a passive form of punishment. You’re not scolding them. You’re not yelling at them. Not even raising your voice. But it’s still a form of punishment because you’re withholding from them something that they want. That is, if they want you to speak to them. This brings into question whether or not the silent treatment is an effective form of punishment. It would only be effective if the person being punished actually wants you to speak to them. Nonetheless, it holds that interpersonal communication can be used to punish someone in the form of silence.

(Click the Vimeo link to watch a great example of “The Silent Treatment?“)

Interpersonal communication can also be used as a means of control. Control, at times, can be gained through the use of specific words, but nonverbals also have a major role in this. Take, for example, the environment. Ask a classroom full of college students what they did last Saturday night? Now, ask if they’d be willing to do that very thing in front of the class. Unless they spent their Saturday reading books and doing homework, they probably aren’t going to waltz to the front of the classroom do a keg stand. Oh, but that’s because there’s a professor in the room, right? Is it really just the people, not the environment? Consider this: even if the professor left the classroom, and all that’s left are the same kids that were at the party on Saturday night, they still wouldn’t be willing to do it. That’s the effect that the environment has.

The right environment can be used to gain control. If you’re at a movie theater before a movie starts, it’s very likely that you’ll hear a lot of talking. But hopefully that level of talking doesn’t continue throughout the entire movie. That would be distracting, and it’s usually against the rules of the movie theater. So what is it that makes everyone stop talking? Is it when the movie starts? Perhaps the first line that an actor or actress says? Not quite. It’s usually before the first scene even begins.  The environment is manipulated by the change of lighting which controls the behavior of the audience. “Our environment are nonverbal acts through our use of spaces we occupy” (“Survey of Communication”).  There’s no big announcement that says, “Would you all please shut up now?!” But with the simple dimming of the lights you can hear the crowd become silent.



Propaganda is typically viewed as a means of controlling. Almost any given piece of propaganda can be argued that is used to control in some way. But what about punishment via propaganda? Is it possible?

Propaganda as a means of punishment was much more difficult to find. Propaganda won’t be able to punish in the traditional way; it’s way of punishment would be the “less immediately physical kind, a certain discretion in the art of inflicting pain” (Foucault). Propaganda can inflict mental and emotional pain as punishment. Take, for example, the billboards that say “Abortion: A woman scheduling the killing of her child.” These signs don’t impose any physical form of punishment, but they can inflict guilt, pain and sorrow upon a woman who has had an abortion, thus punishing her. This piece of propaganda uses predispositions of the audience in order to communicate its point. “Messages have greater impact when they are in line with existing opinions, beliefs, and dispositions” (Jowett, O’Donnell). People generally are predisposed to belief that killing children is wrong. And so, by using the word “child” they are able to communicate their point. I don’t’ think the main purpose of this propaganda is punishment, but for those that who have had an abortion, the sign is a way of saying, “We are disappointed in what you have done.” Sort of a like reprimanding, but through an inanimate billboard. The propaganda on these billboards is not primarily punishment. But it certainly can punish.

Primarily, propaganda like this is used as a way of controlling. The propagandists are able to influence the actions of both women and men with these billboards. “Propaganda is also associated with emotional language” (Jowett, O’Donnell).  This specific propaganda using words that are meant to affect the emotions of the audience, words such as “killing” and “child.” As mentioned before, the propaganda can bring a form of punishment upon some people, but more often it is aiming at control for the present and the future. If someone sees the sign and is persuaded, either by pathos or logos or any other way, their behavior can be affected.

(This is a piece of propaganda similar to the one                                                                                     mentioned above.)


Mediated Communication

Like interpersonal communication, mediated communication can be used to punish in both passive and active ways. The passive way would be similar to the silent treatment that was mentioned in the “Interpersonal Communication” section. You could punish someone by not responding to them on things like Facebook, Twitter, and even text messages.

The active form of punishment is where it can get interesting. Imagine that Darrell and Darrellene have been dating for a few months. Darrell just cheated on Darrellene, and now Darrellene is upset. No she’s more than upset. She’s furious. A mixture of turmoil and fury makes her want to punish Darrell for what he has done. Having no true authority over Darrell, she is unable to punish him in a traditional way. So she turns to Facebook. Darrellene decides to write a post on Darrell’s timeline. She double checks to make sure that her settings for the post are set to ‘Public’ because she wants everyone to be able to see what she writes.

Public punishment is a strange thing. “By the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century, the gloomy festival of punishment was dying out […] first was the disappearance of punishment as a spectacle” (CITE). However, with the rise of social media, we’re beginning to see a new form a public punishment. Darrellene is able to punish Darrell by writing a lengthy post on his timeline that specifically calls him out for what he has done. This can bring shame, guilt, and embarrassment to Darrell as everyone and their mother is able to read Darrellene’s post about his wrongdoing.

Mediated communication can also be used to control. A subtle but popular occurrence of this can be seen daily on Facebook. We’ve all seen the anniversary posts that talk about how much a couple is in love and how amazing their relationship is. Now that kind of post by itself may have some controlling affects, but there’s often times a little phrase attached to the end of the post: “and many more (years) to come.” This public announcement of the foretelling of the future of their relationship could aim at trying to influence behavior. Maybe they are insecure about if their significant other really loves them, and they want to convince them that they will be together for years to come. A funny example of this that I’ve seen was a post that included the sentence: “You’re my girlfriend and you always will be.” At reading this, I began to laugh at the fact that he’s envisioning her as his forever-girlfriend. Like they’d be chilling at the age of eighty having never even thought about engagement or marriage, but that’s beside the point. A post like this demonstrates how mediated communication can be used to control behavior.



“AT&T: Silent Treatment.” Vimeo. Web. 13 Dec. 2016. <;
Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage , a Division of Random House, 1995. Print.
Jowett, Garth, and Victoria O’Donnell. Propaganda and Persuasion. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, Print.
“Survey of Communication Study/Chapter 3 – Nonverbal Communication.” Survey of Communication Study/Chapter 3 – Nonverbal Communication – Wikibooks, Open Books for an Open World. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.


Jocelyn’s Discipline and Punishment Blog Post Final

All through this semester we have learned and discussed about the many ways to communicate either directly or non-verbally. In this blog post I will discuss the ways how nonverbal communication can be used to discipline and punish others in three different contexts including visual rhetoric, mediated communication, and propaganda.

Visual Rhetoric

 According to web., visual Rhetoric is defined as the form of communication that uses images to create meaning or construct an argument. Using either visual learning, visual thinking , or visual messages, all are used to get the same point a crossed which is, to argument a point of view, that can easily catch someone’s eye and can easily understand it.

Control: There are many different uses of visual rhetoric in the real world to control it, such as “drive sober or get pulled over”, “Look out for motorcycles”, and a deer crossing sign. The law creates all of these examples and if followed correctly, our world can be a safe place. But there are other times when people get lazy and choose to break these warning signs. This is when punishment comes into place.

Punishment: Although visual rhetoric may seem all good, but there are times when people go against rules created by the law. We are humans, and humans sometimes choose the wrong path. Here is an example:


In this example, you can obviously see that there is a sign that says “Thank you for driving carefully”, assuming you will drive carefully on this road. As you can see this vehicle either didn’t see it or chose to drive fast. Either way, this driver got their consequence.


In this class, we have learned that propaganda is commonly used by an image and/or message that can affect people’s point of view, or change the way they think about something.The purpose of propaganda use in today’s society is to persuade others about something you believe in or trying to get people to understand more of something.  In my mind, I always visualized propaganda as always a bad thing and a good thing. The ones I have seen throughout my lifetime, have always been so serious. But after doing some research, I have realized now that it can also be in the form of humor but still get a point a crossed.

Discipline: The way I see and understand propaganda is it can persuade others to make good decisions, depending on how effective the ad is, but as I said earlier, people have used them in a funny way but still be able to talk about a serious topic. Here is an example:


In this image, it shows a march for LGBT rights. Even though the poster looks old, the topic relates to today’s society because not every state supports this. According to, “In many countries, the refusal of governments to address violence committed against LGBT people creates a culture of impunity where such abuses can continue and escalate unmitigated. Often, such abuses are committed by the state authorities themselves, with or without legal sanction”. Many issues within this topic are Decriminalization and Marriage Equality.

Punishment:  According to propaganda is defined as “information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view”. Here is the U.S we aren’t as big on this topic because we are very independent and consider ourselves “a free country” which we also live in a world of democracy. But unfortunately, we do hear about many different choices and punishments people have made around the world. For instance ISIS and the attack on The Ohio State University.

Works Cited

“Welcome to the Purdue OWL.” Purdue OWL: Visual Rhetoric,

“What Is Visual Rhetoric – Example 1.” What Is Visual Rhetoric – Example 1,

“The Independent.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media,

“About LGBT Human Rights.” Amnesty International USA,

“The Definition of Propaganda.”,

Bree’s Discipline and Punishment Blog

In this post, I chose to discuss Control and Surveillance. According to Cambridge Dictionary, surveillance is the careful watching of a person or place because of a crime that has happened or is expected. According to Oxford Dictionary control is “The power to influence or direct people’s behavior or the course of events.” We will be talking about how control and surveillance is used within the concepts of visual rhetoric, interpersonal communication, and propaganda.

Visual Rhetoric


Visual Rhetoric is “the way the images work on their own and collaborate with written text to create an argument designed to move a specific audience.”


Visual Rhetoric is often used to control people. One of the most common uses of visual rhetoric is signs. Signs are used every day to control people. For instance, we see a stop sign while driving, and we stop. There are signs in buildings that say “no smoking” and as a society we see this and don’t do it. Speed limit signs are another example of control mechanisms as it pertains to visual rhetoric. Speed limit signs are used to control how fast or slow we go. People may not follow the speed limit signs all the time, but they are aware of them and know they have to stay within a certain limit of them or there will be consequences. Signs that say “Click it or Ticket” are commonly used to control the behavior of people. These are just a few examples of the signs used to control us and our actions.

One of the ways visual rhetoric is used as surveillance is the gun control advertisement. The government monitors all gun sales in order to watch people. They have people register to buy the weapon and keep all gun sales on record. Another campaign that is used as surveillance is the no smoking campaign. When people buy tobacco products it is recorded and the data is used to create new statistics to discourage smoking.


According to Cambridge Dictionary, propaganda is “information or ideas that are spread by an organized group or government to influence people’s opinions, esp. by not giving all the facts or by secretly emphasizing only one way of looking at the facts” Propaganda is used in both control and surveillance.


Propaganda is used in surveillance in many different cases. One of the most common types of propaganda as it pertains to surveillance is in times of war. The government also during WW2 spied on people’s phone calls and their actions to catch spies. The government manipulates statistics and gives out false information. They then used this information to create more propaganda and persuade people out of becoming a spy.

Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal communication is the process by which people exchange information, feelings, and meaning through verbal and non-verbal messages.



One of the main components to surveillance is body language. Body language is also a key component in interpersonal communication. Security officers and police officers are trained in watching body language. The reason they are trained in this is because often times their body language is the first indicator that they are going to commit a crime, especially in regards to theft. Before someone steals something they look around for cameras and things like that. Eye contact is a key nonverbal communication. The lack of eye contact is another main point to look for during surveillance. Interpersonal communication is also used to control. Interpersonal communication is used to control people is that body language often scares children. Everyone has heard of the “Mom Look”. A mom doesn’t have to say or do anything, she can just look at a child and they know they need to stop.

The importance of body language in security and CCTV – Security News Desk. (2013). Retrieved December 09, 2016.

2011-2016, (. C. (n.d.). Interpersonal Communication Skills. Retrieved December 11, 2016

2015, May 22). Should the U.S. Government Spy on its Own People? Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

Propaganda Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary. (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

Surveillance Meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

What Is the Difference Between Discipline and Punishment? (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

Propaganda Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary. (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

Breakup 3.0 Schrock

Breakup 3.0 “Instagram”


It’s official. Mark Zuckerberg may have been one of the pioneers of social media but his baby, Facebook, has started to be pushed to the side as other platforms have risen to the top of the social media world. In just the six years since our book was published there have been different social media platforms to come and go and although Facebook has far from vanished, in the younger generation it has come very close. However, if you run into a University of Findlay student while enjoying a meal at Henderson Dining Hall or walking down Cory Street, you will have a hard time finding one who does not have the Instagram application downloaded onto their phone. This program has started to take over in the social media world and college students in particular have found ways to utilize all of its features.


The social media boom has been something that has taken the world in storm. According to the Pew Research Center, in 2005 only seven percent of adults used at least one social media, however ten years later in 2015 that number has grown to 65 percent. Of course young adults have spearheaded this growth as 90 percent of young adults use social media. Seniors are starting to conform to the technology as well though as 35 percent now report using the media compared to 11 percent in 2010. That would be over three times the amount that used it just those five years ago. (Perrin, 2015)


There is an obvious trend among the college population that goes along with the Instagram application. In a separate study done by the Pew Research group in 2015, it shows that only 28 percent of adults use Instagram. However, 55 percent of those aged 18 to 29 use the application and if you have some college education you have a 32 percent chance of using the application as compared to a 25 percent chance if you have a high school education or less. (Duggan, 2015)



Media Ideology


It’s a simple concept really and it is obvious that at the core it is what the creators of Instagram were after. The mobile app for iOS and Android lets you take those snapshots or videos from your phone and post them on a timeline for all of your followers to see. That is where Instagram started. Since then the program has grown to feed off of other social media applications and become one of the most widely used in the world. In 2012, less than two years after its launch, the program was purchased by Facebook and now has over 500 million active users every month (Saloman, 2013).


Even before we get more into the ideology of Instagram though it might be better to look at Facebook and Twitter first. The latter of these two has started to feel more like someone is trying to manipulate you. If there is one thing that college students do not like it is restrictions and that is what Facebook has started to put on them. The kicker, the fact that Facebook has actually started charging in some cases, really puts them behind the eight ball when it comes to college students. I mean if there is another free alternative out there, they will be the demographic to take advantage of it.


Twitter on the other hand feels incredibly free. Sure, there are privacy settings and ways to flag posts but even they are rarely used. Twitter just seems to be free flowing, without as many restrictions (Pantland, 2014).


Instagram seems to be more like Twitter in the above example. It is very unobtrusive and aims to let users supply all of the content. The fact that it is incredibly simple and easy to navigate also seems to be a big bonus for the application. College aged students also appeal much more towards the visual. This is another big part of the reason that Instagram is taking over. It is easier to glance at a picture than to sift through tweets that may or may not be of importance.


Idioms of Practice


The like button on Instagram may have transformed itself into one of the most popular ways to flirt among college students. After all, that’s what most users are really after when they get on Instagram anyway. It’s become a game really. Kip from Napolean Dynamite even appears in memes poking fun at the game that young adults tend to play with each other on Instagram. It is no coincidence that women are more active when it comes to posting on this social media. In 2015 the amount of women who used Instagram was up seven percent from men (Duggan, 2015). Women like the attention that they receive when they are posting pictures. Men on the other hand, are more than willing to give the attention to the women.

So what makes Instagram different than Tinder? This seems to be a fair question since it seems as though the main focus for both is to gain the attention of the opposite gender. However, I think that Instagram allows young adults to do so in a more acceptable manner socially. When using Tinder, especially for females, it may come across as desperate. This is not the case for Instagram. It is very easy for a college aged girl to disguise that mirror pick with a meaningful quote to avoid criticism even if the purpose of the post is still the same.


Structure of the Medium


Instagram has not spared any avenue for communication. They have made the avenue for connection clear and users take advantage. On December 12, 2013 the application caught the attention of every young adult when they added the direct messaging feature. It is really the key component to the communication process. It brought “sliding into the dms” from Twitter right into the Instagram world.


It answered the question that many people had been asking themselves. There seemed to be a missing step in that communication process but not anymore. Many college relations have no doubt blossomed from this addition to Instagram. Instead of having to track down a phone number or snapchat username, you can now talk to others right on Instagram. This provides users with the ability to ask others out on dates and at the minimum a great opportunity to get to know one another through messaging.


The development of the application has also been aided by improvements in mobile phone cameras. A wide range of filters can now be applied to photos directly from the Instagram application before even posting the photos to your timeline. Other features like cropping, straightening, rotating and adjusting perspective are also available (Wong, 2015).


As Instagram fed off of Twitter with a direct messaging system, they also fed off of one of Snapchat’s best ideas as well. The application took the Snapchat Story and took it across platforms to Instagram on August 2, 2016. Although this feature hasn’t taken off quite like direct messaging there is one advantage to it. Pictures and videos that are posted to a users story appear in a slideshow format and are always at the very tope of the screen in their own timeline when you log into your account. The advantage is that these pieces of media will disappear in a 24 hours. No worries for college students about having problems with a future employer for posting inappropriate things if they are just going to disappear right? (, 2016)




When Instagram was developed it was the best of both worlds. You had Facebook for the pictures and you had Twitter for the short messages and then bang, you had them both with Instagram. I asked one of my teammates about how he used Instagram and he immediately showed signs of remediation. He tended to take things that he had done on both of those previous social media sites and taken them to Instagram. Although it wasn’t anything new and creative, he really had no trouble at all adjusting to the platform and says he posts every week or so.


I had a unique opportunity earlier this year that many people my age probably don’t have. I walked one of my friends through creating his first Instagram account. This individual, a 21-year-old male, had never used Twitter or Facebook before, just Snapchat. I know, I didn’t believe it either but it was the case. I quickly helped him create his account but he didn’t like it. I quickly realized that this was because he had never used anything like it before. That was when it hit me. I showed him the Instagram story feature that had been adopted from Snapchat and he loved it. It has been the only feature that he has enjoyed.


These two friends have shown me a clear example of remediation in Instagram and made me open my eyes to other way that the platform could be used.


Second-Order Information


Online there is no face to face communication so there are a lot of things that need to be understood to communicate effectively. In essence, things are assumed and you need to be able to understand this. I thing Instagram brings this to the forefront with the highly debated like button.


Sure, the like button is all well and good for college-aged men… if they are single. I have a roommate who is not single and who still has an Instagram account that he is on regularly. Now this particular roommate, lets call him Austin, has taught me that you need to really watch what you do on Instagram with the ever powerful like button especially if you have a girlfriend.


Since likes are able to be tracked on ones account, Austin’s girlfriend took the liberty one night of going on his account and checking to see which posts Austin had been liking. Of course she was not the least bit thrilled to find out that he had been liking the posts of some girls that she did not approve of.


Although Austin may not have meant anything by the likes it sent a clear message to me. Obviously if his girlfriend was worried about what he was liking, to her there was a meaning behind liking Instagram posts and it was important. Although it didn’t in this case, I have no doubt that this is the type of thing that could even potentially cause a breakup. I think Austin had a defense in this case by denying that he meant anything by it. He simply didn’t understand the second-order of information. However, if he had taken another step and possibly messaged a girl that would have all flown out the window. I think messaging would have spelled clear intent.


What is the Public?


The Instagram audience is immense. One of the reasons for this is the map feature that allows you to tag where you are. Every time you post to Instagram you have the option to tag your location on a global map. This allows users, even the 80 percent that are outside of the United States, to see exactly where you were at. Needless to say there are some potential dangers to this. Jack Vale, a YouTube prankster demonstrates how you can use this map to pinpoint someone’s location in the following prank.



Although this may appear to be comical, it is also quite eye opening. If your profile is set to public anyone can see it, literally anyone. Women need to be aware that there are people who are stalkers and there is no doubt that social medias like Instagram are areas that they target.


Instagram has come a long way since its development in 2010 but the principle concepts are still there (, 2016). It is used by young adults because it is a platform that they are comfortable with, and one that allows them all of the necessary paths of communication whether that may be subtle like liking another users picture, or direct, like direct messaging them. Many relationships have been affected by this social media and many more likely will be.

Schrock Discipline and Punish Final

All year we have focused on nonverbal communication and have learned how important it is in many different areas. Two of those areas are punishment and control. I am going to talk about the importance of these across interpersonal, propaganda, and mediated communication.




As I have found there are many forms of punishment that do not involve any form of verbal communication. I can go back to my childhood and remember having all of my toys taken away for a period of time because I did not do all of my work prior to playing with them. I had never even talked to my parents but their message had been clear. I was being punished for not doing my work.


In interpersonal communication I think non-verbal punishment can be displayed in the form of a teacher student relationship. It is a teachers job to maintain order in the classroom and many times that includes having to provide punishment fro students who are misbehaving. Nonverbal cues are important in this process because they save class time and are effective ( Even things like raising eyebrows or raising a finger can be forms of punishment to younger students that don’t take up time.


Mediated communication also sees its share of non-verbal punishment. The most common and most painful is the silent treatment. In fact, research shows that the silent treatment actually activates the same part of the brain that is activated by physical pain. However, the silent treatment may not always be as effective at finding a solution to the problem as it is at punishing the person. In fact, Kipling Williams, a psychology professor at Purdue University says, “Excluding and ignoring people, such as giving them the cold shoulder or silent treatment, are used to punish or manipulate, and people may not realize the emotional or physical harm that is being done.” (, 2016)


In propaganda things get a little bit trickier. People do however use propaganda as a form of non-verbal punishment. Just like any other form of punishment this comes most often after someone has done something that the other does not approve of. This was the case when released the following propaganda about Homeland Security.

privacy-postThey were attempting to punish the program by hurting their reputation and their name all through propaganda.



In interpersonal communication there are many ways to exhibit control over a situation without using verbals. One of the best ways is to simply get closer to the individual or group that you are trying to show control over. Another example of this is to maintain eye contact. Just getting closer to someone gains his or her attention, as it is a way to control the level of intimacy. Eye contact is a nonverbal that, in interpersonal communication, can make someone increase or decrease his or her trust in you. (

When it comes to mediated communication there are other ways to maintain control. Lets use the example of texting in a relationship. According to, most of the time when someone is losing control in a relationship it is because they are not giving their significant other enough attention. Of course this sends a message to the other that they do not care enough. Simply by sending the other person timely text messages or pictures on Snapchat, it gives the sort of illusion of control. You send non-verbal cues that you do care about the other person and are thinking about them, that is why you are constantly sending them messages. (, 2014)

Another example of non-verbal communication is the way that the government uses propaganda to gain control. According to Lawrence Davidson, a professor of history at West Chester University, simply censoring the material that Americans see is a non-verbal form of propaganda control. The government has the ability to hide things that they don’t want seen and show those that they do to gain control over America with propaganda (Davidson, 2014). One example of one of those pieces that they loved for Americans to see is this poster.


It encourages the American people to save their food for soldiers and even places a bomb explosion on the right side of the poster to add dramatics to it. However, if this would have been piece of propaganda that displayed the dangers of joining the army, the government would not have supported it and tried to keep it from running.


In conclusion, non-verbal communication sends messages in countless ways that are powerful and picked up by many. Being able to hone these skills will increase your ability to show punishment and control over all of the different types of non-verbal communication.





Non-Verbal Cues & Signals. (n.d.). Retrieved December 12, 2016, from


Butler, A. (2015, June 30). Effects of Nonverbal Communication. Retrieved December 12, 2016, from


Young, K. (2015, October 16). The Surprising Truth About The Silent Treatment – Hey Sigmund – Karen Young. Retrieved December 12, 2016, from


Show Your Respect: Texting in a Relationship – (2015, February 12). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from


Hall, J. (n.d.). Political Propaganda Is Cult Brainwashing. Retrieved December 12, 2016, from


Davidson, L. (2014, May 9). How the US Propaganda System Works. Retrieved December 12, 2016, from

Bianka’s Discipline and Punish Final Blog


In this blog post I will choose to talk about surveillance and discipline. The definition of surveillance as told by the Cambridge dictionary is the act of watching a person or place especially a person believed to be involved with criminal activity.(“Surveillance Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary.” ) The definition of discipline is “The practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior , using punishment to correct disobedience”. Both of these topics serve a purpose in non verbal communications. There are several examples of how these are used. The three concepts that I will be discussing are propaganda, visual rhetoric, and interpersonal communication. 



Propaganda is a type of non verbal communication used to push and persuade others into a certain way of actions. According to Macmillan dictionary, propaganda is information that is usually false that a government or organization uses to influence peoples opinions and beliefs.(“Propaganda American English Definition and Synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary.”) We usually see propaganda through the news channels or posters hung throughout different places in the world. Surveillance is used to control propaganda, when the government is trying to influence the people with their ideas and beliefs that begin to surveillance and look over the population. For example, with ISIS the government has been giving out false information to try and scare the people of the united states into believing these falsely given out information.(Shane, Scott. “ISIS”)So the government has begun watching over everyones every move looking for any indication of criminal activity. Discipline is also used while applying propaganda. The goal while using propaganda to persuade someone is to get them to agree with your opinions whether the information that you have given them is true or false. Sometimes when the propaganda is not applied them discipline is used. Along with the ISIS example, if a person is not complying with the government and going against their actions and are found in criminal activity then they will be thrown in prison, jailed, or fine.

Visual Rhetoric:

Visual rhetoric is found in both surveillance and discipline. There are hundreds of visual rhetorics that can be applied to these two, surveillance and discipline.An example of visual rhetoric that can be applied to both is the no smoking campaign. This campaign was founded with intents of persuading smokers to st75fe9d20170963-56041fb361dacop smoking and non smokers to not ever begin smoking.(“Campaign Overview.” ) Surveillance is used in this visual rhetoric by the campaign being able to track the sales of the purchase of tobacco products. The campaign can over look the these purchases to plan out the posters or other uses of media to persuade smokers to quit. Discipline is used in the visual rhetoric of smoking by either jailing and fining underage smokers or in a way showing the commercials of what you actually give up when smoking a cigarette or using a tobacco product. They try and put these rules and actions in your head to get you to quit smoking.

Interpersonal Communication:

Interpersonal communication is a type of communication used to communicate a persons feelings, ideas, and emotions face to face with another person.(“Interpersonal Communication.” ) Both Surveillance and discipline can be applied to interpersonal communication. The skills of interpersonal communication can include body language witch ties in with surveillance. While watching over a person’s body language you can survey them and watch what exactly their next moves are.(“Interpersonal Communication Skills.” ) On a surveillance tape you can start to tell if someone is acting suspicious through their body language and determine if that person is going to steal or commit a crime. Discipline is used in interpersonal communication by the aspect of eye contact. Eye contact is a vital non verbal communication used when disciplining someone. If a higher up figure like a police officer is disciplining you for a speeding ticket it is expected that you make eye contact while the officer is addressing this offence. Another example is if your parents are grounding you or yelling at you, some parents are very strict about making eye contact with them. It is shown as a sign of disrespect to them like you are ignoring what they are saying. But not in all places in the world is eye contact used as a sign of respect.

Works Cited:

“Surveillance Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary.” Surveillance Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.

“Propaganda American English Definition and Synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary.” Propaganda American English Definition and Synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.

“Campaign Overview.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 23 Mar. 2016. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.

“Interpersonal Communication.” Communication Theory. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.

“Interpersonal Communication Skills.” Interpersonal Communication Skills | Businesstopia. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.

Shane, Scott. “ISIS Media Output Drops as Military Pressure Rises, Report Says.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 11 Oct. 2016. Web. 13 Dec. 2016.

Tyler’s Discipline and Control


For this blog post I decided cowrite about discipline and control. The definition of discipline according to Oxford Dictionaries is, “The practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior, using punishment to correct disobedience,” (Oxford Dictionaries) I view this word in a very similar manner, because discipline is way of controlling ones behavior to match what is right or wrong or to reflect a society’s standards. Control is defined by oxford dictionaries as “the power to influence or direct people’s behavior or the course of events” (Oxford dictionaries) Through out this blog post I will explain how these two concepts relate to non verbal communication and how they will relate to interpersonal communication, visual rhetoric, and mediated communication.


Interpersonal communication


Interpersonal communication ties into discipline and control in such a way that ties the ideas together. The author of the book, Nonverbal Behavior in Interpersonal Relations, speaks of how touch is a form of interpersonal communication and how it control and individuals behaviors (Richmond). For example, When a parent spanks his/ her child, he/ she is inflicting some kind of discipline facilitated through touch that causes a small form of pain which the in turn controls the child’s behavior in the times to come. One study has shown that spanking is actually good for kids because it teaches them that there is a little bit of pain associated with bad behavior (thenewamerican). When a mother or father inflicts a healthy amount of pain and fear into a child due to bad behavior, the child will think twice before participating in the bad behavior later on down the road. These two concepts can be seen together and even linked to each other through this example, and are tied to interpersonal communication between the parent and the child. Non verbal communication is blatantly obvious because the mother or father does not have to say a single word for the child to understand that what he/ she did was wrong and should not be done again.


Visual rhetoric

Visual rhetoric can display these two ideas of discipline and control. Back in the late 1800s and the early 1900s, lynching was a norm in u american society. According to, Lynching is “to put to death, especially by hanging, by mob action and without legal authority” ( These pictures were placed on post cards and could be sent to relatives and others. Discipline was reinforced by this type of visual rhetoric because it made sure that the African Americans of that time knew that this could happen to them if they stepped outside of the societal norms and went against the white folk. The picture above is a perfect example of what would have been seen on one of these post cards (legendsofamerica). When an African American would see this it would remind them of their place in society and that they should not be “bad” therefore influencing and controlling how this group of people would continue to act. This was a difficult time for this population because they had to watch everything they did and said when around others due to the fear of being discipline by death by the white folks. Through the fear of discipline displayed through the post card, the caucasian population of the times were able to control the actions of of the African Americans of the time. This is tied to non verbal communication because the  African American only had to see the post card to know that he/ she better not step out of line. Nobody had to tell them that they would be lynched if they were out of line


Mediated communication

Mediated communication can be seen through how a person will use texting. The fear of discipline or ridicule from a parent is what will control and action. For example, on of my best friends has smoke weed before, and when he did he texted me and told me what he was doing, but did not text his mother to tell her. The fear of what his mother would say was the one thing that kept him from telling her. The fear of ridicule or even discipline is what control his thought process of who he should tell that he is smoking an illegal drug. He later told me that is was the reason that he did not tell his mother. His mother is a respirator therapist and doesn’t like smoking at all, and then to add the fact that it was an illegal drug would have made his life that much more difficult because of the ridicule and discipline that he would have to experience, thus resulting in a control of whether or not to send this information to his mother. This is tied to non verbal because he did not even have to hear what his mother would say to dow that she would not approve.



The definition of lynching. (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

Richmond, Virginia P., James C. McCroskey, and Mark Hickson. Nonverbal Behavior in Interpersonal Relations. 7th ed. Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon, 2012. Print.

“Discipline.” English Oxford Living Dictionaries. Oxford, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2016.

“Control.” English Oxford Living Dictionaries. Oxford, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2016.

Lynchings and Hangings in American History – Page 8. (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

New Study Finds Spanking Is Good for Kids. (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

Bianka’s Breakup 3.0 Blog post


Towards the ending of the semester we read a book called “The Break-up 2.0″, written by Ilana Gershon. This book gave real life examples of the non-verbal communication used today to create and breakup relationships via social media. The book is around six years old which is actually pretty out dated for the new social media accounts out there. Although it is dated, the instances that were chose to be examples are relevant. Gershon mainly focuses on Facebook through out the book and today that is not the most common social media used for relationships.

Of the many social media sites that are used by millions every day one in particular sticks out to me to be the most fitting, snap chat. Snap chat has become a very popular social media used today by all ages. The easy access app is allowing people to communicate with people fast, easy, and without a trace. It is used to start relationships, break-up relationships, and even cheat. Snap chat was created to share pictures with other people in the moment that would be deleted directly after opening it. Unlike face book, instagram, or twitter; snapchat has allowed relationships to be confidential and risky. I have heard horror stories of snap chat and love stories, although not to many.

Media Ideologies:

An ideology is a set of beliefs that a person holds to be important and true. Media ideologies are what a person thinks about a certain social media platform. The media ideology for snap chat is a place where a person can send messages, pictures, and videos to another person to be discreet and secretive. Snap chat is known to be kind of a scandalous way to communicate with another person, especially if they are doing so with another person while in a relationship. Although a lot of people use snap chat to just strictly talk to friends, it will more than likely evolve into more than just that. The way the conversations and pictures disappear pressure you into thinking how easy it would be to cheat because your partner would never know the full conversation. While listening observing a friend of mine Haley, I will use pseudonyms to keep this confidential, I watched snap chat ruin her relationship. Haley and her boy friend Mark were already having problems with their relationship that would leave Haley feeling alone and hatred towards Mark. Mark was not showing affection to Haley, so she went out looking for attention elsewhere. She knew she definitely could not use texting or Facebook messenger because her boyfriend could potentially read the conversations. Knowing she did not want Mark to know, it landed her on snap chat. She began snap chatting other guys while not around Mark. Mark began to catch on through the non verbal actions she was portraying. For example, instead of leaving her phone sit somewhere while she got up, she would take in absolutely everywhere with her. Haley’s boyfriend eventually saw the names of guys via the notifications popping up on her screen and she just flat out told him that she was using it to get attention from other guys. Even though they broke up, she still uses this social media to talk to several guys.

Idioms of Practice:

An Idiom is group of words established by not having a direct meaning to the saying that is being said. An example of an idiom of practice used on snap chat is when say, my friends John will post a  blank snap on his story with a text along the lines of ” I just can’t do it tumblr_n6p4zj1af81s720oho1_1280anymore…”. With no other context of this snap sent at 3:30 AM, it leaving his snap chat friends, including me, worried. Although I never respond back and ask him what is going on, one of my other friends Allison does all the time and he usually responds with “well idk, just everything..” or “my life is just falling apart..”. He may be going through a rough time in his life but he likes to take advantage of the attention he gets from posting those snap stories. And since snap chat deletes them after 24 hours, he can post more and more just leaving people wondering and worrying. Another example that I see quite a bit is a snap video of a car radio playing a sad breakup song or just in general a depressing song, with a text written across it like ” Why?” or “Mood right now”. Knowing that these snap chats having meaning behind them that I will not bother to ask, is very frustrating in its self. I myself have recently posted something along the lines of that, me and my boy friend of five years are going through a really rough time. So because he was ignoring me but I know he would look at my snap story, I posted a video with some sappy relevant lyrics and typed across ” I hope that you’re seeing this”. After I saw he viewed it Immediately took it down, I just really wanted him to see my frustration.

Structure of the Medium:

The structure of medium with snap chat is a little harder than say adding a friend on facebook or following someone on instagram. Because snap chat would be considered “scandalous” it is a lot harder to just add someone you want on there. You either have to ask for their username or the code that is associated with their account. Tsnapcodehe app is used to strictly talk to one person via media. You can send group snap chats out but in all reality it is used to talk to one person whether that be sending hilarious cat videos, embarrassing pictures of yourself, or sending more scandalous things. So you become mindful of who you add on snap chat, only add the people whom you would not feel embarrassed if they saw the idiotic snap post you added to your story. A friend of mine Elizabeth recently shared with me that her boyfriend was being untrustworthy and sketchy. When he said he was going out with “the boys” to have a few drinks at a small bar but she had a hard time believing him. He was ignoring her and not replying back to any type of message so she got on her snap chat and saw one of his “boys” posted a video of her boyfriend all over another girl in the background. This eventually led to their break up, but you have to be mindful that even if he did not directly upload it to his story, someone else just might.


Snap chat will always be used as a intimate and scandalous app, but some people try not to view it like that. A very good friend of mine used to use snap chat to communicate with a few guys casually and even though she had no intentions of becoming intimate and sexualizing the conversations; they led to just that. The overall atmosphere and vibe of snap chat just made her want to start doing just so and now thats exactly what she uses snap chat for. She strictly texts or uses facebook messenger to message guy friends whom she does not want to eventually hook up with or what have you. There is less of a secret behind messenger and facebook because you can easily access it and read the messages.

Second Order Information:

There are many ways that snap chat can relay second order information. For example a girl that I work with named Amy had called off a few hours prior to her shift claiming that she was very sick laid up in bed, so we took the call and that was that. Well one of my co-workers has her added on her snap chat and had seen a picture she had posted just 10 minutes ago at bar with the caption “much needed girls night”.  The girl who found it took it to our director and showed her the picture along with several others that she had been posting within a few minutes. This mistake of posting it all over her snap chat actually got her fired from her job because she continued to lie about it. Another example is how it can affect a relationship. A friend of mine and his girl friend were taking a little time apart, and through this time apart his girl friend said that she was going to turn of her phone and take time to herself, which he believed because she had not been on facebook, instagram, or twitter in weeks. She was also ignoring his texts that he had been trying to send her. Well he decided to post a snap on his story, which immediately after he had posted it she had viewed it. And because it had been a week in a half of him trying to get ahold of her he instantly got pissed and snaped her directly telling her that they were breaking up.

What is the Public?:my-story1

What is made public on snap chat is only what you choose to put on your story. This is very different from other typed of social media because on others you have a whole profile dedicated to you. On snap chat you cannot view others friends, or what they are watching. The only thing that is made public is what you chose to put on your story, your username, and “snap score”. Snap chat is definitely more secretive and private all around, the only people that can see what you post are the people you have trusted to add onto your snap chat. You get to chose whom you share your snap chats with and what some people get to see over other people. Each social media has types of people you add, and snap chat is one for close friends or people you are “talking” to.


Megan’s Discipline & Surveillance Blog Post



The topics that I chose to discuss were discipline and surveillance. Discipline can be defined in a different amount of ways. The definition of discipline according to Oxford Dictionaries is, “The practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior, using punishment to correct disobedience,” (Oxford Dictionaries). I have a very similar definition of discipline; I consider discipline to be a way of regulating behavior. The other concept that I will be discussing is surveillance. The definition of surveillance according to Oxford Dictionaries is, “Close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal,” (Oxford Dictionaries). My definition of surveillance is the idea of being watched. The three unit areas that I will be discussing will be interpersonal communication, visual rhetoric and also mediated communication.

Interpersonal Communication

Interpersonal communication ties into discipline and also surveillance in several different ways. According to Richmond the author of the book, Nonverbal Behavior in Interpersonal Relations, discusses how touch is a form of interpersonal communication, (Richmond). Touch is often used with discipline also. According to Bartlett, the author of the article, “The Power of Touch: How Physical Affection Helps with Discipline,”Person-to-person contact games naturally inhibit children’s impulsiveness; kids are able to sit still longer and have an increase in focused attention,” (Bartlett). Eye contact is also another aspect of interpersonal communication that contributes to discipline. We all know when we get scolded, whether it be by our parents, professors or elders in general. We have all experienced being scolded and then changed our actions because of that. This proves that the use of touch which is a form of interpersonal communication helps aid discipline, especially with children. Interpersonal communication also ties into surveillance. An example of interpersonal communication within surveillance is the use of space, sometimes individuals will get caught spying on other individuals, and that is when the use of space is violated.

Visual Rhetoric

Visual Rhetoric is found in discipline and also found within surveillance. One example of visual rhetoric and discipline is the use of stoplights. The use of stoplights is a type of visual rhetoric and also aids in discipline of traffic. Without stoplights there would be a lot more car accidents than there already is. You see when individuals do not follow the stoplights that are when car accidents happen; therefore stoplights are a type of discipline that individuals need to follow. Often times if individuals do not follow the stoplight directions it will lead to a ticket, if it is caught by a police. In Ohio, for disciplinary actions following running a red light can be up to a 200$ ticket, (Red Light & Speed Camera Fines). Some forms of visual rhetoric while discussing surveillance would be the signs that you sometimes see in people’s front lawn saying, “Protected by…” This signs stating that someone is watching their home often distracts people from coming to their house and is often times more successful than individuals who do not have those signs. Individuals often time even put signs in front of their house even if they aren’t protected by a certain surveillance company. Several houses around my area all of signs that they have lock systems, and are constantly being watching by surveillance but they are not, it is just a scare tactic so individuals that are not wanted to do not come to their home. According to an article online this is true, “While having a real alarm system installed is the best choice, just having a few home alarm stickers and signs around your property can do the trick as well,”(The Top Decoys to Scare off Burglars).

Mediated Communication

Mediated communication is also found in discipline and surveillance. One example how individuals use discipline within mediated communication is the different type of Snapchats you send to different people. For example, I send my best friends very different Snapchats than I send family members. For example, I will send my friends pictures of me drinking out on the weekends, but I do not send those type of Snapchats to my family. I also post different things on different social media sites, because of who are my friends on the different sites. For example I post more stuff about school and how I am doing on Facebook, and on Twitter I only tweet irrelevant funny comments. This is also because on Facebook I have more family members as friends, versus Twitter. According to a website, Friending someone on Facebook carries a far deeper connection then following on Twitter,” (Widrich). I would have to agree with Widrich’s statement. Surveillance is used within mediated communication because everything that you do online is being watched. Also, you are always told as a student not to post anything you wouldn’t want a future employer to see. We are taught that in order to have a successful future you are supposed to keep certain stuff offline because, “people are always watching.” According to an article written by Coats, “We now know that the NSA and other government agencies are obtaining data pertaining to Americans’ communications and activities from wireless providers, (Coats). This statement states that indeed we are being watched and listened to for every phone call and text message.


Works Cited

Coats, K. (n.d.). One Nation Under Surveillance. 5 Ways You Give The Government Control. Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

Connection, Positive Parenting. “The Power of Touch: How Physical Affection Helps with Discipline.” Positive Parenting Connection. N.p., 13 June 2013. Web. 08 Dec. 2016.

“Discipline.” English Oxford Living Dictionaries. Oxford, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2016.

 Red Light & Speed Camera Fines & DMV Driving Points by State. (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

Remland, Martin S. Nonverbal Communication in Everyday Life. 4th ed. Thousand Oaks: Sage    Publications, 2017. Print.

Richmond, Virginia P., James C. McCroskey, and Mark Hickson. Nonverbal Behavior in Interpersonal Relations. 7th ed. Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon, 2012. Print.

“Surveillance.” English Oxford Living Dictionaries. Oxford, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2016.

The Top Decoys to Scare off Crooks. (n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2016, from

Widrich, L. (2016). 5 Important Differences Between Twitter And Facebook – The Buffer Blog. Retrieved December 13, 2016, from